One of the most obvious signs of physical abuse in a nursing home is bed sores. Also known as pressure ulcers, bed sores can bring excruciating pain to an elderly patient. If left untreated or discovered too late, it can be very deadly. For this reason, it is important for caregivers to be knowledgeable with these conditions and how to prevent them. This article will serve as a guide on decubitus prevention.
Nursing home bed sores lawyers will tell you that prevention can be a challenge especially for patients who are bedridden. For these people, pressure is constant on the area of the skin that is constantly in contact with the bed. The caregiver must exert all effort in pushing patients to a full range of mobility. The staff can reposition, sit, or given time to stay in a wheelchair. The patients must be massaged or given therapy to prevent muscle atrophy.
It is worth noting that avoiding bed sores is easier than treatment. Using the Braden Scale, patients are evaluated based on sensory perception, moisture, activity, mobility, nutrition, friction, and shear. The elderly’s inability to respond to discomfort, suffering from incontinence, bedridden, and others are at greater risk of bed sores.
Ensuring a healthy diet for the patient is an important technique in preventing bed sores. Sudden weight loss can have a huge impact on bed sores as the skin is not adjusted to the sudden decrease in blood flow. Thus, it is important for the elderly patient to eat an adequate amount of nutritious food. It is also important for them to move about frequently.
Staying hydrated is also important in maintaining the patient’s general health particularly their skin. Certain vitamins such as B vitamins and C can boost the body’s immune system and can be crucial in the prevention of bed sores. It may also help speed up the healing process in case of illness or infection.